Forklift trucks play a critical role in many industries, from warehouse management to construction work and more. It is therefore important that these powerful vehicles both ensure efficiency and that they are also safe to use. In this article, we will perform some forklift maintenance and daily checks, as well as answer some frequently asked questions about driving a forklift.
Legislations on forklifts in Norway
In Norway, there is strict legislation regarding the use of forklifts. This includes requirements for certification, maintenance and safety. It's important to be familiar with these laws to ensure that your business complies with all relevant regulations.
Maintenance of forklifts
Regular maintenance is the key to long life and optimal performance for your forklift. This includes regular lubrication of moving parts, checking hydraulic hoses for leaks and wear, and regular inspection of tires for damage. It is also important to check the braking system, the steering system and the lifting mechanism for any problems.
Daily checks for forklifts
In addition to regular maintenance, it is important to have a daily check to ensure that the truck is working as it should. This may include a visual inspection for damage, a check of oil and fluid levels, and a functional test of all controls. It's also important to check that safety equipment such as seat belts and emergency stops work properly.
Safety around forklifts
Safety is a top priority when it comes to the use and maintenance of forklifts. Here are some important points to keep in mind:
- Always wear personal protective equipment: This may include a helmet, safety shoes, reflective vests, and gloves. These items help protect the operator in the event of an accident.
- Limit the speed: Forklifts must always be driven at a safe speed. High speed can increase the risk of accidents.
- Secure your load: The load must always be securely attached and balanced to prevent it from falling off.
- Train on how to use a forklift: Only those who are adequately trained and certified should operate a forklift. In Norway, you must have a truck driver's license to drive a forklift.
Throughout inspection of forklifts
Throughout inspections of forklifts is a necessary procedure that ensures that forklifts are in proper and safe condition for use. This check is carried out by an expert person or organisation, who has sufficient knowledge and experience to assess the forklift's technical condition, including safety equipment and general operational safety. Expert inspection involves a thorough review of the truck's mechanical components, lifting functions, brakes, steering, as well as an assessment of its general maintenance status.
In Norway, throughout inspections of forklift trucks is regulated by the Norwegian Labor Inspection Authority and there is a requirement for regular inspection. The frequency of the inspection may vary, but annual checks are common. The purpose of these checks is to prevent accidents and ensure a safe working environment for those who use and work around these machines.
Lifting equipment: Gain full control
Onix Work is a digital solution that helps companies keep track of their throughout inspections, including annual checks for forklifts. With Onix, you can easily collect and organize all relevant documents in one place. This can include technical specifications, maintenance history, inspection reports, certifications and more. This helps to simplify maintenance planning and ensures that all necessary documentation is easily accessible.
Onix Work also allows the creation and implementation of digital checklists. Furthermore, operators of forklift trucks can be given direct access to statutory documents through a QR code. This ensures that they always have access to updated and relevant information about the truck's status and maintenance history, which helps improve both safety and efficiency in the workplace.
Frequently asked questions
Is it legal to drive a forklift on public roads?
Yes, it is permitted to drive a forklift on public roads in Norway, but there are special requirements that must be met. The forklift must be registered, insured, and the driver must have the correct certificate. It's also important to note that the forklift must be equipped with the necessary lights and reflectors.
Should there be a parking brake on trucks?
Yes, according to the Norwegian Labor Inspection Authority, all trucks must be equipped with an effective parking brake.
Which term does Norwegian law use for forklifts?
Norwegian law uses the term "truck" to describe this type of vehicle. The specific legislation that deals with the use of forklifts is "Regulations on the execution of work, use of work equipment and associated technical requirements".
What shape does the support surface have on a counterbalance forklift?
The support surface of a counterbalance forklift is usually rectangular. The support surface is the area between the wheels that is in contact with the ground.
How many hours must one have on a forklift?
In order to obtain a forklift driver's licence, a course is required that has a duration of at least 56 hours. This includes both theoretical and practical training.
Is it legal to drive a forklift without a licence?
No, it isn't allowed to drive a forklift without a valid forklift driver's license in Norway. According to the Norwegian Labor Inspection Authority, the use of a forklift in a work context requires that the driver has documented safety training.
What is the difference between T1 and T2? Which forklift is the T1? What is a T2 forklift?
T1 and T2 are categories of forklifts according to the EN 1525 standard.
The T1 category includes counterbalanced forklifts with a centered load, i.e. where the load is placed between the wheels both in terms of width and length. An example of this could be a standard counterbalance forklift.
The T2 category includes side loaders, where the load is placed on one side of the forklift. This is particularly useful in tight spaces and when handling long objects such as timber or steel sheets.
To conclude, maintenance and daily inspection of your forklift is essential to ensure both efficiency and safety in the workplace. Always remember to follow local laws and regulations when using a forklift, and make sure you have the proper training and certification to drive safely.